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Johns Hopkins University, Paul H. Nitze School of Advanced International Studies (SAIS), Washington, D.C. Ph.D.,  M.A.  in International Relations.


Harvard University.  Cambridge, Massachusetts.  B.A. cum laude in Social Studies. 




Professional Experience


Federal Communications Commission, Washington, D.C., 1996 to present

  • Senior Analyst, Office of Economic Analysis, 2018 to present

  • Senior Analyst, International Bureau. 2012- 2018

  • Consumer Research Advisor, Consumer Bureau, 

  • Research Director, White House Task Force on Smart Disclosure

  • Chief Data Officer (Acting), International Bureau

  • Research Advisor, Information Needs of Communities, Media Bureau

  • Director of Research, Strategic Analysis and Negotiations, International.

  • Assistant Chief, Regional and Industry Analysis Branch, International

  • Regional Specialist for Asia, International. 1996 to 2002.

US-ASEAN Council for Business and Technology, Washington, D.C.

Director of Vietnam, Laos, and Cambodia Affairs. January 1995- October 1996. 

U.S. House of Representatives, Washington, D.C.

Legislative Assistant to Congressman Jim Cooper (D-TN) for Foreign Policy, Trade, and Defense. June 1994- January 1995. 

Far Eastern Economic Review, a Dow Jones publication, Washington, D.C.

Assistant to Washington Bureau Chief.  September 1993 – June 1994. 


  • Forging Trust Communities: How Technology Changes Politics.  June 2015.  Johns Hopkins University Press.

  • From Iron Fist to Invisible Hand:  the Uneven Path of Telecommunications Reform in China.  2009, Stanford University Press.

Research Publications

  • "Applying the soft power rubric : How Study Abroad Data Reveal International Cultural Relations".  Cultural values and political economy.  J. P. Singh, ed.  Stanford University Press, 2020.  

  • "China's electricity and telecom regulation in global context."  Policy, Regulation, and Innovation in China's Telecommunications and Electricity Industries.  Loren Brandt and Thomas Rawski, eds.  Cambridge University Press, 2019.

  • “Diffusion of Regulatory Policy across Nations: The Example of Number Portability.”  Digiworld Economic Journal, no. 95, September  2014, p. 111.

  • “Maximum impact for minimum subsidy:  Reverse auctions for universal access in Chile and India.” info vol. 16 (4) 2014.  Earlier version released by  Federal Communications Commission. FCC Staff Working Paper, No. 2. October 2010. 

  • “How to persuade government officials to grant interviews and share information for your research.”  With Bojan Savic.  In PS: Political Science and Politics.  American Political Science Association.  October 2010.

  • “Who regulates phones, television and the Internet?  What makes a communications regulator independent and why it matters.”  In Perspectives on Politics.  American Political Science Association.  December 2008.

  •  “Popularity contest: the political attraction of commercially successful communications service technologies.” In Information Technology in Developing Countries, Center for Electronic Governance, Indian Institute of Management, Ahmedabad, June 2008.

  • “The triumphant consumer?  VOIP, ‘Little Smart,” and telecom services reform in China.”  in Information Technology and International Development Vol. 3, No. 4 (Summer 2006), 53-66..

  • "The impact of competition and technology on telecommunications regulation:  Call for further research on regulatory procedures and the convergence of wireless, wireline, and cable."  With Roxanne McElvane, Anita Dey, and Kiran Duwadi.  Info. Vol. 6, No.4, September 2004. 

  • "Canada, South Korea, Netherlands and Sweden:  Regulatory Implications of the Convergence of Telecommunications, Broadcasting, and Internet Services."  Telecommunications Policy 28(2004): 79-96.

  • "Traits of an Independent Regulator: a Search for Indicators."  Federal Communications Commission, International Bureau Working Paper Series, No. 1.  June 2004.

  • "Broadband Internet Access in OECD Countries: a Comparative Analysis."  With Sherille Ismail.  Staff report, Federal Communications Commission.  October 2003.

Fellowships, Grants and Honors

  • Fellow, Asia Program and Kissinger Institute for China and the US.  Wilson Center for International Scholars. 2017-2018.

  • Yahoo! Fellow in Residence in Values, Communications Technology & the Global Internet.  School of Foreign Service, Georgetown University, Washington, D.C. August 2007-May 2008.

  • European Union Visitors Program. 2006.

  • National Security Education Program Fellow 1999.

  • Chinese Academy of Social Sciences, Visiting Scholar.  Beijing, China. 1999.

  • Institute on Fiscal and Monetary Policy, Ministry of Finance. Tokyo, Japan. 1999.

  • Doak Barnett Award for academic excellence and leadership in China Studies, Johns Hopkins University.  1994

  • Rotary International Graduate Scholarship 1991-1992 for a year’s study at National Taiwan Normal University, Taiwan. 

  • Loe Memorial Scholarship 1997, Johns Hopkins University. 

  • Richard Melville Scholarship 1993-1994, Johns Hopkins University.

  • Rosenthal Fellowship, 1993, for work at the U.S. Department of State, Bureau of Intelligence and Research.

  • Agassiz Award for Academic Achievement, 1991, Harvard University




Teaching Experience


  • Adjunct Professor, Georgetown University, Washington, D.C., 2007-present.  Teach a hybrid online/face-to-face intensive, graduate seminar on history of communications technologies used by activists and governments.  Also taught an international comparative policy class on telecom, media, and Internet regulation.

  • Professorial Lecturer, Johns Hopkins University, School of Advanced International Studies, Washington, D.C. Fall 2006.  “Telecom, Internet, and TV:  Political economy of international communications policy.”  Graduate student seminar.

  • Lead Instructor, Federal Communications Commission University, Washington, D.C., 2005-2007.  “International Communications Policy,” Oversee approximately 15 presenters for a 12-hour continuing education class for FCC officials.

  • Contributing presenter, Federal Communications Commission University. Washington, D.C., 2006-2007.  “Introduction to Communications Law.” Lecture on international communications policy for new FCC staff.

  • Director, International Speaker Series, Federal Communications Commission. Washington, D.C. 2003- 2007. Organize about six seminars per year featuring visiting scholars and officials from other countries as continuing education for FCC staff.

  • Teaching assistant, Johns Hopkins University, School of Advanced International Studies, Washington, D.C.  2001.  “International Trade Theory” taught by James Riedel.  Required course for graduate students.




Professional Service


  • Chair, Practicing Politics Working Group, American Political Science Association. 2009-2014.  Group of political scientist in international, national, and local government who work to encourage interaction with researchers.

  • Member, Program Board, Telecommunications Policy Research Conference. 2010-2013  Review paper submissions for annual policy conference in Washington, DC.

  • Elected Director, Harvard Alumni Association. 2010-2013.  Leadership position in Harvard University’s main alumni group.

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